Azawakh FCI Standard
Old Version 1994 updated in 1998
AZAWAKH Standard FCI # 307 / 19.09.1994 / GB
TRANSLATION : Mrs. Peggy Davis
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN :
Mali - PATRONAGE COUNTRY : France
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE VALID ORIGINAL
STANDARD : 22.08.1994.
UTILIZATION : Sight hunting.
The nomads considered
the dog equally as a "show piece" and as a companion.
F.C.I. CLASSIFICATION : Group 10
Section 3 : Short-haired Sighthounds Without working
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : It is an African sighthound of afro-asian type which appeared in Europe towards
1970 and comes from the Nigerian middle basin, among others from the valley
of the Azawakh. For hundreds of years he has been the companion of the nomads
of the South-Sahara.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Particularly
leggy and elegant, the Azawakh sighthound gives a general impression of great
fineness. His bone structure and musculature is transparent beneath fine and
lean tissues (skin). This sighthound presents itself as a rangy dog whose body
fits into a rectangle with its longer sides in vertical position.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
- Length of body/height at the withers = 9 : 10.
This ratio may be slightly superior in the bitches.
- Height of chest/height at the withers about 4 : 2.
- Length of muzzle/length of head = 1 : 2.
- Width of skull/length of head 4 : 10.
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT : Quick,
attentive, distant, reserved with strangers and may even be savage, but he can
be gentle and affectionate with those he is willing to accept.
HEAD : Long, fine, lean and
chiselled, rather narrow, without excess.
CRANIAL REGION : The skull is almost flat, rather elongated.
The width of the skull must definitely be inferior to half the length of the
head. The directions of the axes of the skull and the muzzle are often slightly
divergent towards the front. The superciliary arches and the frontal furrow
are slightly marked. On the other hand, the occipital crest is clearly protruding
and the occipital protuberance marked.
Stop : Very slightly marked.
Nose : Nostrils well opened. The
nose is either black or brown.
Muzzle : Long, straight, fine towards the front without
Jaws : Long and strong.
Cheeks : Flat.
Teeth : Scissor bite.
Eyes : Almond shaped, quite large. Their color is dark
or amber. Eyelids pigmented.
Ears : Set quite high. They are fine, always drooping and
flat, quite wide at the base, close to the skull, never a "rose ear". Their
shape is that of a triangle with a slightly rounded tip. Their base raises when
the hound is attentive.
NECK : Good reach of neck
which is long, fine and muscular, slightly arched. The skin is fine and does
not form a dewlap.
Topline : Nearly straight,
horizontal or rising towards the hips.
Withers : Quite prominent.
Loin : Short, lean and often slightly arched.
Hipbones : Distinctly protruding and always placed at an
equal or superior height to the height of the withers.
Croup : Oblique without accentuated slant.
Forechest :Not very wide.
Chest : Well developed in length, deep but without reaching
elbow level. It is not very wide but must have enough space for the heart, so,
the sternal region of the chest must not abruptly become narrow.
Ribs : Long, visible, slightly and evenly curved down to
UnderlineThe sternal arch is accentuated and joined
without abruptness to the belly which tucked up very high below the lumbar arch.
Tail : Set low, long, thin, lean and tapered. Is covered
with the same type of hair as that of the body and has a white brush at its
extremity. Is carried hanging with the tip slightly raised, but when the dog
is excited, it can be carried above the horizontal.
Seen as a whole : Long, fine,
almost entirely vertical; set perfectly well-set.
Shoulders : Long, lean and muscular and only slightly slanting
seen in profile. The scapulo-humeral angle is very open (about 130 degrees).
Feet : Rounded shape, with fine and tightly closed toes;
the pads are pigmented.
Seen as a whole : Long and
lean; legs perfectly vertical.
Thighs : Long with prominent and lean muscles. The coxo-femoral
angle is very open (about 130 degrees).
Stifle : The femoro-tibial angle is very open (about 145
Hock : Hockjoint and hock are straight and lean, without
Feet : Round shaped - Pads are pigmented.
GAIT - MOVEMENT : Always very
supple (lissom) and with particularly high action at the trot and the walk.
The gallop is bouncy. The Azawakh gives a great impression of lightness, even
elasticity. The movement is an essential point of the breed.
SKIN : Fine, tight over the
whole of the body.
HAIR : Short, fine, down to
none on the belly.
COLOR : Fawn with flecking
limited to the extremities. All shades are admitted from light sable to dark
fawn. The head may or may not have a black mask and the blaze is very inconsistent.
The coat has a white bib and a white brush at the tip of the tail. Each of the
four limbs must have compulsorily a white "stocking", at least in shape of a
trace on the feet. The black brindling is admitted.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
HEIGHT AT THE WITHERS :
Dogs : between 64 and 74 cm
Bitches : between 60 and 70cm
Dogs about 20- 25 kg
Bitches about 15- 20 kg
FAULTS : Any departure from
the foregoing should be considered a fault and the seriousness of which shall
be penalized in exact proportion to its degree.
- General appearance : heavy.
- Body too long.
- Skull too wide.
- Accentuated Stop.
- Hipbones placed distinctly lower than the withers.
- Distinct depigmentation of the nose.
- Lack of type (in particular when showing a recent
crossing with another breed).
- Size out by more than 3 cm from the standard measures.
- Strong non-accidental anatomical deformation.
- Disabling anomaly - not acquired.
- All obvious redhibitory vices.
- Ribs curving in at the base of the chest which thus takes on the look of a
- Upper or lower prognathism.
- Harsh or semi-long coat.
- Coat not conforming to the standard.
- Absence of any white marking at the extremity of one or more limbs.
- Light eye i.e. bird of prey eyes.
- Timid character, panicky or aggressive with attack.
N.B. : Males should have two
apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
N.B. from the webmaster: This translation
from the original french standard has several mistakes, especially concerning
the temperament and behaviour. The Azawakh is only "distant, reserved and may
be savage" with strangers. Never with his own family.
Eliminating faults : "Caractère peureux avec panique ou agressif
avec attaque" (in the French Standard) that has been translated by :"Timid
character, panicky or aggressive with attack" should be : "Shy-panicky character or aggressive (with attack)". A shy, reserved or distant behaviour/character,
only, is not a fault, it's the usual Azawakh temperament, as he's
used to live in an "unfriendly" country with many wild dangerous animals, and
has also to be, in Africa, a very good camp and cattle guard dog (see temperament